A Review of Phentermine: The Benefits & Disadvantages of This Stimulant

Phentermine is an FDA-Approved appetite suppressant that is usually prescribed as a short-term weight loss drug. The stimulant which has the characteristics of amphetamine works by manipulating how the nervous system works and it should be used with an exercise and diet plan. Phentermine reviews indicate that this drug is normally administered to overweight and obese people who have risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol. 

As much as phentermine has benefits, it also has side effects. Below is a review of the benefits and side effects of this drug and how they weight out. 

Benefits of Phentermine 

Multiple phentermine reviews show that this prescription drug offer users benefits such as: 

Appetite Control 

Phentermine is an FDA-Approved drug that has been in use for decades. As a pill that belongs to the anorectic class, phentermine works by manipulating the working of the brain chemicals by creating a mechanism that prevents neurotransmitters from signalling the brain of hunger. It helps to create a feeling of satiety which can last for hours. Phentermine results indicate that this appetite controller helps to reduce food cravings and binge eating. 

Weight Loss 

From the phentermine reviews, this slimming pill is normally prescribed by doctors to individuals who want to lose or manage their weight. By suppressing the appetite of the user, this drug creates a major calorie deficiency in the body which leads to the conversion of stored body fat to fuel. It also increases the rate of metabolism by enhancing cell activity which results in rapid fat burning that leads to weight loss. 

Mental Alertness and Focus 

Phentermine helps to stimulate the brain chemicals which leads to improved cognitive abilities. It helps to enhance alertness and focus that is needed during physical activities such as workouts. 

Improved Muscle Strength 

Phentermine has ingredients such as back iron oxide, magnesium, gelatin, glycol, and titanium dioxide all which help to reduce muscle fatigue and to improve energy levels in the body. The drug usually leads to increased endurance. 

Side Effects of phentermine 

Although it is usually administered by a medical personnel and it has been clinically approved, phentermine results shows that some users ended up experiencing negative effects.

Common side effects may include: 

Cardiovascular and Heart-related Side Effects 

The most common cardiovascular side effects of phentermine include angina, precordial pain, high blood pressure, palpitations, pulmonary hypertension, tachycardia, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, cardiac failure etc. 

Dermatologic Side Effects 

Commonly reported side effect is skin rash, hives etc. 

The Nervous System 

Phentermine reviews show that this drug can affect the nervous system and lead to side effects such as dizziness, hyperactivity or restlessness, tremor, euphoria, fatigue, dysphonia, headache, nervousness overstimulation etc. 

Psychiatric Side Effects 

They include episodes of psychosis, hallucinations, insomnia, depression, anxiety etc. 

Gastrointestinal Side Effects 

They include constipation, bloating abdominal cramps, dry mouth, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, unpleasant taste etc. 

Other side effects include: 

  • Facial edema 
  • Low or increased libido 
  • Impotence 

Phentermine Abuse 

Phentermine is medically administered to obese or overweight individuals with very high BMI. The prescription should not be taken for more than 12 weeks as it can be harmful. However, this stimulant is also considered as “habit-forming” drug and anyone can easily get addicted to it. Phentermine reviews indicate that this drug helps to create a “high” feeling. If you notice you are becoming dependent on this drug, then it is important to discontinue its use. 

Precautions When Taking Phentermine 

The FDA cautions patients that this drug should be taken for about three months only or less. It should be used alone and not in combination with other supplements or prescription drugs. This slimming pill is not for use by everyone and people who suffer or had recently suffered from the following conditions should avoid taking this drug. 

  • Glaucoma 
  • Heart disease 
  • Drug or alcohol abuse 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Heart disease 
  • Hardening of the arteries i.e. atherosclerosis 
  • Diabetes 
  • Overactive thyroid. 

Also, if you are taking phentermine and you experience the following symptoms or side effects, quickly notify your physician. 

  • Feeling faint. 
  • Chest pains 
  • Swollen ankles, feet or lower legs. 
  • Difficulty in breathing. 
  • Irritability, confusion or an unusual behaviour 
  • Mood swings i.e. extreme sadness or happiness 

Final Thoughts on Phentermine 

From the phentermine results, this slimming pill is one of the most effective drugs for weight loss. Phentermine users usually end up shedding tens of pounds within just a couple of weeks. Not only does it accelerate the weight loss process, this drug also contains other health benefits such as improving the kidney function, balancing the PH in urine, and improving moods. It also helps in the development of lean muscle mass and leads to a better mental health. 

Those who want to use phentermine shouldn’t use it without first consulting a healthcare specialist. For reduced side effects and maximum benefits, this prescription drug should be taken with lots of water, a well-balanced diet and a workout routine.

Avoid These Five Mistakes when Hunting for Good CBD Oil

Cannabis has continued to get the green light in many countries across the world and this wave of acceptance has brought Trojan horses to our doorsteps. Numerous unscrupulous vendors are looking to cash in by taking advantage of consumers with subpar products. To help you stay one step ahead of untrustworthy vendors as you buy CBD oil, we will be taking a look at 5 simple mistakes that you should never make.

1) Prioritizing Cost Over Quality

For experienced CBD oil users, it goes without saying that quality should take priority over affordability. Newbies might struggle with balancing the scales of cost and quality given the sea of endless options available but the important thing to remember is that you get exactly what you pay for. Creating effective, safe, and pure CBD oil is an expensive venture and, as a result, the cost of such products is high. Low-quality products are often less expensive than higher quality products and might not provide any results at all. In fact, it could pose a danger to your health so do not buy CBD oil that is unrealistically low-priced.

That said, the rule of thumb you need to remember is to always buy from reputable vendors. A trustworthy CBD oil vendor is evident from the information displayed on their packaging which should encompass:

  • THC and CBD content; the former should be no more than 0.3%.
  • Extraction methodused – CO2 extraction is best 
  • Hemp sources for the brand

Do your due diligence on a product before purchasing it while keeping these attributes in mind.

2)  Thinking CBD Oil Can Never Get You High 

One of the reasons why CBD oil is accepted to most is the notion going around that it won’t get you high. While this is largely true if the THC content is below 0.3 %, which is the case with legitimate vendors, CBD oil can still get you high if the extraction process isn’t done correctly, i.e. if the THC levels exceed 0.3%. Again, this information is available at one of either source highlighted in point. If the THC level is not clearly stipulated, please contact the supplier before you buy CBD oil or avoid purchasing it altogether.

3)  Not Doing Your Homework

Lack of knowledge is the key to your downfall. More often than not, unscrupulous vendors target the not-so-informed with hyped up benefits that are really farfetched. It is therefore important to fully understand what CBD oil is and the limits to its abilities so that one such vendor doesn’t pull one over on you.

The next time someone tells you that CBD oil will grow your hair overnight, you’ll know someone is looking for a quick sale. Do your research comprehensively so that you can be able to tell when a vendor is lying. For more help with this, please head on over to over to newlabscbd.com. They’ll give you all the information you need alongside some of the best CBD oils in existence.

4)  Expecting Wonders and Miracles

The previous point paves the way for next mistake which basically boils down to the expectations you have of using CBD oil. CBD oil is no doubt beneficial and has been used by millions around the world with science establishing advantages such as:

  • Promoting positive thinking
  • Relieving pain
  • Keepinginflammations at bay 
  • Alleviatinganxiety

That said, it is important to be realistic about what CBD oil can do you for you. CBD oil has been purported to cure all sorts of illness from a common cold to long-term conditions such as cancer. Sadly though, this is not the case. Also, remember not to take anything for a surety. CBD doesn’t work by magic so don’t set your expectations too high.

5)  Not Double-Checking the Quality

We cannot say it enough times that you have to conduct a quality check on the methods used by the vendor and as well as the vendor itself before you buy CBD oil. These four preceding pointers should serve as a good measuring stick. Again, the extraction method is extremely important. To help you understand more, here are some of the techniques used:

  • Dry IceExtraction: While it’s a cheap, clean, and easy extraction method, it produces low quality yields.  
  • OliveOil Extraction: It is simpler than the above process but produces low yields that have a short shelf-life 
  • Solvent Extraction: A definite no-no! It is potentially dangerous and harmful due to the use of chemicals such as butane and hexane. It can also result in the extraction of contaminants that can produce unpleasant or harmful side-effects. 
  • CO2Cannabis Method: The most expensive of the bunch but the best overall. It produces high yields of safe to consume CBD and is environmentally friendly.

Aside from the method of extraction, genuine brands will also include the results of lab testing in the product information. Most even go the extra mile by also incorporating the results of third-party testing. Be on the lookout for such information.

Parting Thoughts

Whether you’ve been buying CBD oil for ages or are just trying your hand at it, these 5 pointers will come in handy either way. You can now effectively pick out good CBD oil from the many bad ones that flood the market. Don’t forget to visit newlabscbd.com as this website is the perfect bridge between you and top-notch CBD oil.

Controlling Your Weight Gain While Breastfeeding Or Pregnant

They said there would be some glowing involved with pregnancy.  

Sadly, right now all you see when you look in the mirror is a miniature whale waddling about in pregnancy sweats. 

And the health care providers during your pregnancy routine weigh-ins don’t make you feel any better, what with chastising you for weighing (according to those pregnancy weight charts they always have) slightly more than you should at this point in your pregnancy.  

They do have a point though. Health care providers, while concerned about you getting the right nutrients into your system (be it through whole foods or the best meal replacement shakes) so that both mommy and baby are healthy, also have a responsibility in ensuring you don’t become overweight after giving birth.  

Although gaining weight is something you go into pregnancy with your eyes wide open expecting, that isn’t a license for an “all you can eat buffet” simply because you’re “eating for two”. The quality of nutrients you take is what matters.  

So while your health care provider means well by constantly weighing you on the scale like an animal up for slaughter, you should always remember that their focus is on you and your baby’s well being. 

That’s why they will be inclined to prescribe folic acid tablets, for example, to you instead of simply asking you to go and eat only folic acid rich foods like broccoli. Because they know that regardless of how diligent you are in cooking your meals, you may still fall short of the folic acid your body needs.  

This is the main principle behind some of the healthy meal replacement shakes, like isagenix shakes. 

They realize that regardless of how committed you are to eating healthy, there are nutrients you’ll likely fall short of meeting. Plus the fact that some days you won’t be able to cook because your baby decided your lungs make a very comfy pillow and your bladder a great footstool  

That said, Isagenix products are not just about their convenience, even though they do make feeding very easy, they’re mostly about making sure you get your complete daily nutrients so that you and your baby are both normal and healthy.  

More than that though, Isagenix reviews of the company policies and best practices show that the firm adheres strictly to the current Good Manufacturing Practices (cFMPs) and other laws for catering to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers of the Food and Drug Administration.

Note, this isn’t to say that Isagenix shakes or any other best meal replacement shakes out there need FDA approval of their products before they can be released. Because consumer goods aren’t regulated by the FDA. Isagenix shakes simply complies with production techniques and ingredients recommended by the government for pregnant women and nursing mothers, so you can be sure what you’re drinking is premium stuff.  

Here are a couple of Isagenix products you can incorporate into your pregnancy diet or breastfeeding diet, after you get the okay from your health care provider that is. Note, some of these products are more suited for pregnant women, while breastfeeding mothers can take virtually all the remaining products.  

Isagenix For Pregnant and Nursing Mothers

1. Isamunewith Zinc

Your immune system is your body’s first line of defense. Even against stress and lack of sleep (40 mins sleep at night from your second-trimester sucks, right?) Zinc is one of the critical substances responsible for the production of the cells in your immune system. 

Considering your immune system is fighting for two at this point, with pregnant women at an increased risk of zinc deficiency, it’s no wonder zinc is one of the most prescribed drugs during pregnancy.  

This Isamune spray product is an extremely convenient way to make sure you meet your RDA zinc allowance (which is increased form 9mg per day to 11-12mg for Pregnant and nursing mothers). A max of 5 sprays a day should get you there. Zinc’s not the only mineral in this though, there are antioxidants to get rid of free radicals as well. It’s basically immune food. So if you’re worried about taking some of the best meal replacement shakes, you can just stick with this.

2. IsaOmega

You know how you’re told you need healthy fats when you’re pregnant for healthy joints, heart and brain development, but you have scars from a childhood filled with mandatory cod liver oil sessions? 

Yeah, IsaOmega contains the appropriate amounts of omega-3 essential fatty acids concentrated with both DHA and EPA. It comes in capsule, so you won’t have any after taste.

3. Isagenix Fruits

Just because fruits are healthy and have healthy calories in them doesn’t mean liberally eating whatever fruit you want won’t gain you weight. Those healthy calories do add up. This Isalean product supplements your daily fruit and vegetable needs without all the extra calories.

4. Other Isagenix shakes and products that can suit breastfeeding mothers include Isalean shakes and Isalean bars (both with diary-free options).  


The solution to staying healthy but without excess weight simply requires eating healthy nutrients, but without the excess calories. 

Hence isagenix shakes and other products on Isagenix reviews for new mommies fit this bill. You simply get concentrated extracts, without the excess calories and your RDA is fulfilled.

A Review of The TruVision Weight Loss Sample

There are thousands of weight-loss products being marketed on the internet today, many of which, are of questionable efficacy. For this reason, people are finding it difficult to find a reliable product they can trust enough to incorporate into their weight loss regimens. TruVision is a company known for its vast range of health-promoting products, among them, TruHealthTruEssential, and TruNecessity. For about 4 years, the company has made massive profits from TruVision and the TruVision weight loss sample and the one-month weight loss combo. 
In the recent past, the effectiveness of TruVision has also come under question. The wave of speculation has been sparked by a number of consumers who have voiced their discontentment on various online platforms. In light of this, we decided to delve deeper and find out whether or not this product really does what it claims to do. This article outlines our findings. 
What Are the Active Ingredients in This Product? 

  • Green Tea Extract 
  • Dendrobium 
  • Caffeine 
  • Bitter Orange 
  • Vitamins and minerals 
    All ingredients in this formulation work together, each in its own different way, to promote weight loss and general wellbeing. Caffeine, a key component of green tea, is a potent appetite suppressant. It lowers appetite and reduces cravings by acting on the areas of the central nervous system responsible for appetite control. Bitter orange is well known for its weight loss effects and its ability to lower serum cholesterol levels. Dendrobium, a substance popular in the East, provides the added benefit of improved digestion. 
    You can purchase the TruVision weight loss samples easily on the company’s official website or from various suppliers anywhere in the US. From the numerous consumer reviews online, it is clear that this product has been very well-received by the public and many people have been keen to try it out. People are particularly pleased by the fact that all its ingredients are all-natural. 

What Are the Side Effects of TruVision Weight Loss? 
Many weight loss preparations available in the market today come with a lengthy list of undesirable side effects to look out for. Before purchasing any product, it is important to read about the potential adverse effects and go through a few consumer reviews. We did some in-depth research on the material available both offline and online, in a bid to find out what adverse effects are associated with this product. So far, no significant side effects have been noted by users or documented by researchers. While some continue to disprove the product’s effectiveness, no user has reported experiencing any worrisome health effects.  
Is TruVision FDA-Approved? 
Before any new product can be introduced into the market it must undergo rigorous testing to find out whether or not it is safe for public consumption. The same was the case for TruVision. Four years ago, the supplement was taken off the shelves and production halted, on the orders of the FDA. According to the organization, two of the ingredients, DMBA and Synephrine, were deemed unsuitable and had to be excluded from the formulation. TruVision went ahead to make the recommended changes and the product was finally approved for sale and distribution. 
What Do the Reviews Say About TruVision? 
So far, different users have different things to say about this product. A few users claim to have experienced suboptimal results even with regular use. On the other hand, many are pleased with their outcomes. One user reported feeling much healthier while on this supplement and another noted remarkable weight loss after just two weeks of use. One of the online reviewers stated that this supplement gave him renewed energy and better mental focus. For some users, the straightforwardness of the buying process has been quite attractive and commendable.  
After a comprehensive analysis of the reviews and reports available on this product, one can confidently conclude that this product does indeed deliver on its weight loss claims. With its unique formulation of all-natural ingredients that are scientifically proven to be effective, you can rely on this product to deliver the weight loss results you desire. An added advantage is that you get to benefit from all the other health-promoting effects this product promises, such as improved blood chemistry. To truly appreciate the effectiveness of this product, try the TruVision weight loss sample and check it out for yourself. 

Now Foods Valerian Root: A Safe and Effective Sleeping Supplement


Valerian root is a plant that has mild sedative properties and it’s usually marketed as a sleeping aid and even a treatment to anxiety.

Because of its relaxing properties, it has proven to be quite effective in treating insomnia and anxiety. In this article, we review Now Foods Valerian Root and tell you whether this sleeping pill works or if it’s just a waste of your time and money. Read through to the end to find out the truth.

Now Foods Valerian Root: How does it Work?

According to scientists, valerian’s effectiveness is not just down to one chemical component but a combination of chemicals.

According to National Institute of Health, many of the chemical compounds of the Valerian root have shown sedative properties in animal researches.

However, it’s not certain how valerian root affects a person’s brain. A common theory is that it stimulates the nerve cells to release a chemical known as GABA (gamma-aminobutric acid).

Rather than excite it, GABA actually slows down the nerve cell activity. The extract is also thought to block an enzyme that could destroy GABA, which means that there is more GABA for a longer period of time.

All these factors produce the calming effect that is experienced by those who try the Now Foods Valerian Root. Drugs like Valium and Xanax also increase the levels of GABA in your body, and they have much greater effects compared to valerian root.

How is NOW Foods Valerian Root Prepared?

NOW Foods Valerian dietary supplement is made mostly from the root of the plant, but it can also be derived from the stem of the plant. While the plant may be taken in different forms, including teas, tablets and tinctures, the Now Foods Valerian Root is available in capsule form.

The dosage varies from a person to the next, however the typical dosage is about 400-900 mg taken just before one goes to bed.

The dosage is also determined by the amount of valerenic acid that the supplement contains. Valerenic acid is thought to be among the most potent sedative components of the plant.

It’s recommended that you take Now Foods valerian root for 2-3 weeks and then take a break for the same period of time before continuing. This is because using the supplement for extended periods may lead to certain side effects like depression, withdrawal and headaches.


• Improves sleep quality

• Reduces stress

• It is low-cost compared to other sleeping pills in the market

• Has calming properties

• It is made from all-natural ingredients so it’s very safe

• May help an individual fall asleep faster


• Does not work instantly and may need to be taken for a couple of times before it works

• Valerian alone has not yet been scientifically proven to be an effective sleeping aid

Probable Risks

While further studies are required to establish any long-term side effects, there have not been significant reports of adverse side effects linked to valerian.

There have however been some mild side effects which include headaches, itchiness, gastrointestinal disturbances and dizziness.

But it’s hard to directly attribute these side effects to valerian, given that some people who also took placebo supplements reported experiencing them.

Who should not take it?

Despite NOW Foods Valerian Root’s gentleness, breastfeeding or pregnant women are cautioned against taking it because there are not studies that have been done to establish the potential dangers to infants or the fetus.

Children below 3 years should also not be given this sleeping pill as side effects on early development are yet to be established.

Consult your doctor if before you take Now Foods Valerian Root if already taking:

• Benzodiazepines, like Valium, Xanax, or Ativan

• Other sleeping-aid depressants, like melatonin or kava. These drugs have depressant and sedative properties that might result in more severe side effects or grogginess if combined with those of NOW Foods Valerian Root.

• Central Nervous System depressants like morphine or Phenobarbital

Even if you are not currently on any medication, it’s always advisable to talk to your doctor before you start taking any supplements, not just Now Foods valerian roots.

Your doctor will tell you if the best option is valerian, and may even suggest dosages and the best brand which they think is the safest and most effective.

Who’s Behind the Product?

The company behind this sleeping aid is called NOW Foods, and it’s one of the largest and the most reputable companies as far as supplements are concerned. With more than 50 years of experience, the company creates innovative and effective health supplements to meet the growing demands of its clients. Today, they sell more than 1000 unique products.

Verdict: It’s Worth Giving a Try

The NOW Foods valerian root supplement is natural, safe and has been produced by an internationally reputable company. Derived from valerian root extract, the Now Foods valerian roots sleeping supplement is safe for use given that it comes purely from plant substances. Although no substantive studies have been conducted to establish the long-term side-effects of this supplement, preliminary studies show that it is largely safe and only has mild side effects like a headache and dizziness. It is not like most sleeping pills that come with dangerous side effects. Our verdict is that you should buy it for anxiety and insomnia treatment.

NoctuRest™ advanced sleep support review

What is Nocturest?

Nocturest is a form of sleeping remedy that is used by people who have a sleeping disorder. It can be used for short term or long term depending on the issues that you have with your sleep. What makes the product to be preferred over the rest is the fact that it is infused with strong and reliable ingredients that work magnificently. This in return helps in getting one’s sleeping patterns to normal.  

How does it work?  

Nocturest works by eliminating all the symptoms or causes of insomnia such as stress hence allowing you to have a calm mind for better sleep. In other words, it supports your health which in return makes you have a comfortable sleep at night. Also according to a research conducted on the functioning of the product, results show that the product has natural sedatives which help to balance the body’s hormones for better sleep.

Benefits of Nocturest 

  • The products have no side effects hence it cannot cause any harms to your health.
  • It is sold at a pocket-friendly price since a pack goes for about 34 dollars.
  • It worksfastand it is reliable as well.  
  • All the ingredients used to make theproduct are listed on the package. This is essential since oneis able to identify the products that may cause side effects in their body and avoid buying it. 
  • It is made with pure natural ingredients, unlike other products.


Disadvantages of Nocturest product 

  • Nocturestproduct does not contain the manufacturers’ information and other details which are supposed to be outlined on the packaging. As we all know this is a common practice that is done by various production companies.  
  • The packaging does not disclose the dosage that should be taken by the patient.


The production of Nocturest

Nocturest is manufactured by Rejuvica company. According to the manufacturers, the product is carefully formulated and made using the best elements to support one’s sleep and improve a healthy sleep. According to the manufacturers, 85 percent of the elements in the product is absorbed in the body for support of the sleeping patterns.  


Working progress and the ingredients incorporated 

This is one of the safest products to use to improve your sleeping pattern since it is made with pure natural ingredients which are the most recommended for supporting one’s sleep. Also, since the product is manufactured in the form of a liquid, this makes it easy for the product to be absorbed in the body hence giving fast results to the user.

The ingredients used to make Nocturest 


Theanine is a form of amino acids which works by minimizing the stress that may be causing insomnia.

The lemon balm

The lemon balm is essential for soothing your body and it also helps improve the cardiovascular health.


This works just like Theanine.


It regulates the biological reactions such as metabolism thus promoting circulation and better health sleep.


The element is added to the product to help in inducing sleep for better sleep pattern.


The element is essential for promoting the body to relax thus helping you have a better sleep at night.

Frequently asked questions about Nocturest

Question: How is the product used?

Answer: Before taking the product one is required to consult a physician so he or she can advise you on the correct dosage to take. This is because the manufacturing company has not indicated the right dosage that the patient should take.

Question: How long does it take to work?

Answer: According to the manufacturers, one is expected to see the changes after the first week of using this product.

Question: Does the product have any side effects?

Answer: Nocturest has no side effect since it is purely made using natural ingredients. It has also been tested and passed by FDA to be safe for use. But, before you buy the product, read the ingredients used as some may have an allergic reaction to your body.  


Nocturest is among the few most trusted sleeping remedies that you must consider using if you have a sleeping issue. The product contains pure healthy natural ingredients that do not have any side effects. Consult a doctor before taking the product so he or she can advise on the right dosage to take for better sleep at night.

A Sex Therapist On Overcoming Male Sexual Performance Anxiety (Video)

“It’s high time that we stop with the oversimplification of men and the overcomplication, by the way, of women.” – Esther Perel

One of the most popular stereotypes of male sexuality is that men want sex all of the time because they’re just “wired” that way. In other words, sex is seen as a largely biological function for men, with their emotional and psychological states having little to do with it. This stereotype can be harmful because it can make a guy start to wonder what’s wrong with him when he doesn’t want sex but his partner does–and to the extent that this becomes a chronic source of concern, it can create performance anxiety and detract from his ability to become and stay aroused in the future. This is but one of the many reasons why it’s important for us to rethink our assumptions about male sexuality.

As sex therapist Esther Perel explains in the video below, we need to recognize that men’s sexuality isn’t completely detached from their psychology–there’s an intimate interconnection between men’s sexual performance and their emotional states. As a result, we shouldn’t just assume that when men experience sexual difficulties that the underlying problem is biological in nature. Check out the video below to learn more and for some practical tips from Perel for overcoming sexual performance anxiety.

To learn more about research on the psychological and emotional factors that affect men’s sexual desire, check out this article.

Seeking Participants For Sex Studies!

If you’re reading this, odds are that you love learning about the latest sex research. But really, who doesn’t? Have you ever wanted to go beyond reading about it, though, perhaps by taking part in an actual sex study (or two)? If so, check out the Sex Studies page, which is updated regularly with calls for participation from sex scientists across the globe. Ten studies have already been added since the beginning of this year alone!

Feel free to participate in as many or as few studies as you would like. However, please be sure to review the eligibility criteria first to ensure that you’re a good fit for a given study before signing up. Current participation opportunities cover a diverse set of topics from how people communicate during kink and BDSM sexual encounters to their attitudes toward casual sex to their experiences using online dating and hookup apps.

Any help you can provide by taking part in one of these studies and/or by spreading the word about these research opportunities (e.g., sharing the Sex Studies page on Facebook or tweeting a link to it) would be greatly appreciated and will help to advance our understanding of human sexuality.

If I may (selfishly) call your attention to one research opportunity in particular, I am still recruiting participants for a survey about sexual fantasies and would greatly appreciate your participation. This survey has been underway for quite some time, but I’m trying to collect as large of a sample as possible. If you’ve already taken part, thank you! To learn more about this study, please click here.

Thank you for your contributions to the science of sex!

Want to learn more about Sex and Psychology ? Click here for previous articles or follow the blog on Facebook (facebook.com/psychologyofsex), Twitter (@JustinLehmiller), or Reddit (reddit.com/r/psychologyofsex) to receive updates.

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The G-Spot Isn’t What You Think It Is

Few aspects of genital anatomy have sparked as much scientific debate as the so-called G-spot (also known as the Grafenberg spot). Some researchers have argued that it is a distinct anatomic site, claiming to have found definitive evidence for its existence, whereas others have argued that the evidence behind such claims is far from convincing. 

For example, a 2012 case report published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine described the G-spot as a “well‐delineated sac with walls that resembled fibroconnective tissues and resembled erectile tissues.” By contrast, a review paper published in the same journal in 2012 concluded that “objective measures have failed to provide strong and consistent evidence for the existence of an anatomical site that could be related to the famed G‐spot.”

So what’s the deal? Is the G-spot a distinct part of female genital anatomy or not?

A new study aimed to clear things up by providing one of the largest and most thorough anatomic explorations ever of this area. This study is the subject of my latest column over at TONIC and it was based on the results of 13 post-mortem dissections of the front wall of the vagina (note that the G-spot is usually described as being on the front wall of the vagina, about one-third of the way inside).

The results of this investigation turned up no evidence of a unique anatomic structure corresponding to the G-spot (at least not one that the researchers could see macroscopically, or with the naked eye). The findings suggest that perhaps rather than thinking of the G-spot as a unique structure within the genital region, it may instead be better thought of as the area where the internal part of the clitoris, the urethra, and vagina all happen to intersect.

To learn more about this study, check out the full article over at TONIC.

Want to learn more about Sex and Psychology? Click here for previous articles or follow the blog on Facebook (facebook.com/psychologyofsex), Twitter (@JustinLehmiller), or Reddit (reddit.com/r/psychologyofsex) to receive updates.

For more on this research, see: Hoag, N., Keast, J. R., & O’Connell, H. E. (2017). The “G-Spot” Is Not a Structure Evident on Macroscopic Anatomic Dissection of the Vaginal Wall. The Journal of Sexual Medicine14(12), 1524-1532.

Image Source: 123rf/Vyacheslav Volkov

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The 4 Main Reasons People Stop Having Kids

Why do people who start a family decide it’s time to stop having children? A new set of studies published in the journal Marriage and Family Review identifies 4 primary factors that motivate people to stop procreating (incidentally, this study also identified the main reasons people decide to start having children in the first place, which you can learn more about in this post).

In the first study, researchers conducted in-depth interviews with 30 parents to identify the different reasons that led them to have not have additional children. From these interviews, they generated a list of 23 potential motivations. In the second study, 536 adults were given this list of motivations and asked to indicate which of these factors led them to stop having children in the past or that were likely to stop them from having more kids in the future.

Statistical analyses were then performed to find which of the motivations clustered or hung together in order to extract broader themes. The 4 themes that emerged in the end were as follows (note that they are listed in order from most- to least-commonly endorsed):

1.) Satiation (e.g., “I feel that I already have enough children,” “I don’t feel that I have the necessary energy it takes for another child,” “I feel complete with the child/children that I already have”)

2.) Lack of time (e.g., “I don’t have enough time to dedicate to them,” “Due to professional responsibilities,” “I don’t have enough time to dedicate to the children I already have”)

3.) Pragmatic reasons (e.g., “For financial reasons,” “The conditions in this world are so negative that I wouldn’t want to bring more children into the world,” “There is no space in the house for another child”)

4.) Biological constraints (e.g., “There are serious illnesses in my family and I wouldn’t want to have children that are likely to suffer from these illnesses,” “I had a difficult pregnancy/my wife had a difficult pregnancy with our previous child or children,” “I have health problems that make it difficult/impossible to have more children, although I would like to”)

Of course, this list doesn’t necessarily comprise all possible reasons people decide to stop having kids; however, it does offer a sense of some of the most common, overarching factors that stop procreation. It also tells us that these factors are biopsychosocial in nature, meaning they can be due to our own biology, our psychological state(s), and/or the social and environmental factors that surround us.

Want to learn more about Sex and Psychology ? Click here for previous articles or follow the blog on Facebook (facebook.com/psychologyofsex), Twitter (@JustinLehmiller), or Reddit (reddit.com/r/psychologyofsex) to receive updates.

To learn more about this research, see: Apostolou, M., & Hadjimarkou, M. (2018). Domains of Motivation in Men and Women for Initiating and Terminating Procreation in an Evolutionary Perspective. Marriage & Family Review.

Image Source: 123RF/alessandro0770

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